The city of Salem, Massachusetts was founded in 1626, but Native Americans lived in the region for thousands of years before that date. Explore Salem to 1776. wwww

Native Americans in the Region wwww

Spearpoint, ca. 11,000 B.C.
The Bull Brook site, excavated from the 1950s to the 1970s, is an important site for understanding Paleo-Indians in
North America.

Spearpoint Guide

Bear Sculpture, 16th century
This stone sculpture of a bear was discovered in what is now Salem, Massachusetts, in 1830 during excavation for a house foundation.

Portrait, Native of Davis Straight, c. 17th-18th century
European fishermen and whalers first mention contact with Inuit in the Labrador (an area north of today’s Québec) coastal region in the 16th century.

Davis Straight guide
Wampum Belt, 18th century
The word "Wampum" comes from the Narragansett word for “white shell beads,” although the beads are made in two colors
Wampum Belt Guide

Fireboard: Landing of the Pilgrims, 1825
This painting depicts a romantic myth about the arrival of Pilgrims and their relationship with the Native Americans who already lived in the region. .

Landing of the Pilgrims: Guide

Colonial Life in Salem wwww

John Ward House, ca. 1684
John Ward (c. 1653-1732) was a currier (leather finisher) purchased an acre of land on Prison Lane (now St. Peter’s Street) in 1684, and probably began building his home shortly thereafter.

Fireback "IPA," 1660
A fireback is a metal plate installed at the back of a hearth; it serves to protect the bricks while reflecting heat back into the room.

Fireback: Guide

Painted Cradle, 1710-1740
In the colonial period, rocking was deemed an essential activity to establish a newborn baby's sleeping pattern and soothe it to sleep.

Painted Cradle: Guide

Great Chair, 1670-1690
Great chairs were owned and used by men who were the heads of households.

Great Chair Guide

Valuables Cabinet, 1679
This chest was originally owned by Joseph and Bathsheba Pope of Salem Village (now Danvers).

Valuables Cabinet Guide

Sampler, 1803
During the colonial period and beyond, learning to sew was both a necessity and an opportunity to show off a young woman’s disciplined, artistic accomplishments.

Sampler Guide
The Road to Revolution wwww

Portrait of Sir William Pepperell, 1746
This portrait depicts Pepperell standing proudly in full military uniform as “Victor of Louisbourg, A.D. 1745.”

Pepperell Guide

The Bloody Massacre..., 1770
Paul Revere produced and began selling this image less than a month after a riot broke out next to the building now known as the Old State House in Boston.

Bloody Massacre Guide

Teapot, Stamp Act Repeal'd, 1766
This British-made teapot is imprinted to convey the repeal of the contentious legislation, and reveals the strength and continuity of ties between Great Britain and her American colonies.

Teapot Guide

Portrait of Sarah Erving Waldo, ca. 1765
In his Portrait of Sarah Erving Waldo, John Singleton Copley conveys the rich material life of a wealthy colonial American woman.

Portrait of Sarah Erving Waldo Guide
Federal Period Mid-Century Expansion Turning the Century: Innovation & Change    
Federal Period Mid-Century Expansion Turning the Century: Innovation & Change