Robert Fulton
Plan of an Experimental Harbor Defense Vessel (Detail)
Ink and wash
Peabody Essex Museum

"During the War of 1812, Fulton proposed this vessel to protect American ports from the British Navy. The imaginative design combined Fulton’s expertise in early steam propulsion with his experiments with firing cannon underwater. Fulton’s early training as an artist contributed to the plan’s careful rendering." Quoted from gallery object label, Peabody Essex Museum.

(Study photo by Abaigeal Duda)