and annotated by Gayle Fischer, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Department
of History, Salem State College (firstname.lastname@example.org)
and SALEM in History staff
H. Cotton and Capital: Boston Businessmen and Antislavery Reform,
1854-1868. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1991.
Hyman. Growing Up Abolitionist: The Story of the Garrison Children.
University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
A portrait of
a close-knit family dedicated to ending slavery and social injustice.
The lives of the Garrison children were shaped within the context
of the great nineteenth-century campaigns against slavery, racism,
violence, war, imperialism, and the repression of women.
John Ashworth, David Brion Davis, and Thomas L. Haskell, eds. The
Antislavery Debate: Capitalism and Abolitionism as a Problem in Historical
Interpretation. University of California Press, 1992.
This volume brings
together one of the most provocative debates among historians in recent
years. The center of controversy is the emergence of the anti-slavery
movement in the United States and Britain and the relation of capitalism
to the development.
Building an Antislavery Wall: Black Americans in the Atlantic Abolitionist
Movement, 1830-1860. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982.
Explores the ways
in which Black Americans in England worked to promote their own freedom
in the U.S.
Collison, Gary L.
"Alexander Burton and Salem's 'Fugitive Slave Riot' of 1851."
Essex Institute Historical Collections 128, no. 1 (1992): 17-26.
Dixon, Chris. Perfecting
the Family: Antislavery Marriages in Nineteenth-Century America.
Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1997.
marriages of radical white abolitionists, Dixon found their domestic
lives sharply contrasted with the subjugated domestic environment
of antebellum America. Abolitionists perceived their marriages as
an epitome of their reformism.
Eisan, Frances K.
Saint or Demon? The Legendary Delia Webster Opposing Slavery.
New York: Pace University Press, 1998.
is a study of a New England spinster who played an important part
in the Underground Railroad.
The Fugitive's Gibraltar: Escaping Slaves and Abolition in New Bedford,
Massachusetts. Amherst: University of Mass Press, 2001.
documents fugitive traffic in and around New Bedford and analyzes
it within several spheres-the origins, persistence, and growth of
the city's African American community; the place of Quaker ideology
in shaping the extent and character of local opposition to slavery;
and the role of the city's coastal trading and whaling industries
in the presence of fugitives in the port.
Goodman, Paul. Of
One Blood: Abolitionism and the Origins of Racial Equality. Berkeley:
University of California Press, 1998.
Through this work,
Goodman puts abolitionism in the social context of its time: the temperance
movement, a budding feminist movement, and growing concern about the
heartlessness of capitalism and the industrial revolution. He highlights
the role of freed blacks in pushing for equality and resisting efforts,
or movements, to send blacks back to Africa.
Anthony Burns: The Defeat and Triumph of a Fugitive Slave. Laurel
Leaf, 1993. Grade 7 Up.
In 1854, Anthony
Burns, a 20-year-old black man, was put on trial in Boston under the
Fugitive Slave Act of 1850. Abolitionist activity and the efforts
of lawyers, black ministers, and humanitarians to prevent the return
of the prisoner to Virginia caused demonstrations by mobs of citizens,
the calling out of 2000 militia, and several episodes of violence
during the proceedings. Retelling the day-by-day events of the trial
which polarized the city, Hamilton shows the kind of political issue
which brought the nation to fever pitch in the decade before the Civil
Hansen, Debra Gold.
Strained Sisterhood: Gender and Class in the Boston Female Anti-Slavery
Society. Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1993.
is the setting for this study of the conflicted and short-lived (1833-40)
Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society. This book examines the socioeconomic
climate in which women of various classes lived at the time and takes
apart the membership of the antislavery society.
Hersh, Blanche Glassman.
The Slavery of Sex: Feminists-Abolitionists in America. Urbana:
University of Illinois Press, 1978.
Hewitt, Nancy A.
Women's Activism and Social Change: Rochester, New York, 1822-1872.
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.
groups of Rochester women who moved outside of the private sphere
to try to affect change and eliminate social ills. Looks at the various
demographic factors and ideological influences on each group and links
these to the specific types of social change activities in which they
Horton, James Oliver,
and Lois E. Horton. In Hope of Liberty: Culture, Community, and Protest
Among Northern Free Blacks, 1700-1860. New York: Oxford University
Spanning the 200
years and eight generations from the colonial slave trade to the Civil
War, this history illuminates the free black communities of the antebellum
North as they struggled to reconcile conflicting cultural identities
and to work for social change in an atmosphere of racial injustice.
Jacobs, Donald M.,
ed. Courage and Conscience: Black and White Abolitionists in Boston.
Published for the Boston Athenaeum. Bloomington: Indiana University
of ten essays explored the people of Boston and the role of the city
of Boston in the abolitionist movement. Boston had a relatively small
African-American population in the 19th century, but it was home to
one of the active (and militant) abolitionist movements in the United
Jeffrey, Julie Roy.
The Great Silent Army of Abolitionism: Ordinary Women in the Antislavery
Movement. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
how abolitionism in the north in the 1850's became "normalized"
within many communities. Jeffrey argues that this is largely because
of women. Draws upon records of many female anti-slavery societies,
including the one in Salem, MA.
Lerner, Gerda. The
Grimke Sisters from South Carolina: Pioneers for Woman's Rights and
Abolition. New York: Schocken Books, 1971.
R. The War Against Proslavery Religion: Abolitionism and the Northern
Churches, 1830-1865. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984.
role that churches played-or didn't play-in the abolition movement.
Covers issues such as the divisions between some Northern and Southern
churches within the same denomination, the debates within churches
over slavery and abolitionism and brings to light the fact that churches
were not always at the forefront of the abolition movement.
Mayer, Henry. All
on Fire: William Lloyd Garrison and the Abolition Of Slavery. New
York: St. Martin's Press, 1998.
that Garrison, a self-made man of scanty formal education who founded
and edited the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator, not only served
as the catalyst for the abolition of slavery, but inspired two generations
of activists in civil rights and the women's movement.
Melish, Joanne Pope.
Disowning Slavery: Gradual Emancipation and "Race" in New
England, 1780-1860. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998.
abolition of slavery in New England, white citizens seemed to forget
that it had ever existed there. Drawing on a wide array of primary
sources--from slaveowners' diaries to children's daybooks to racist
broadsides--Joanne Pope Melish reveals not only how northern society
changed but how its perceptions changed, and how the collective amnesia
about local slavery's existence became a significant component of
New England regional identity.
Jr. "'Molly Pitcher' of the Mississippi Whigs: The Editorial Career
of Mrs. Harriet N. Prewett." Journal of Mississippi History
58 (Fall 1996): 237-254.
Prewett was editor
of the Yazoo City Weekly Whig, in which she advocated traditional
gender roles and supported slavery.
Pease, Jane H.,
and William H. Pease. Bound with Them in Chains: A Biographical History
of the Antislavery Movement. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1982.
Black Abolitionists. New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.
A respected and
standard overview of the title topic: the role of Black Americans
in the abolitionist movement.
J. The Secret Six: The True Tale of the Men Who Conspired With John
Brown. University of South Carolina Press, 1997.
a significant addition to the literature on abolitionism in this study
of six prominent Northerners who supported and financed John Brown's
1859 raid on Harpers Ferry, Va. (now W.Va.).
and Martin Blatt. The Meaning of Slavery in the North. New York:
Garland Pub., 1998.
of essays focuses on the central role of slavery in the early development
of industrialization in the United States as well as on the interconnections
among the histories of African Americans, women, and labor.
Savage, Kirk. Standing
Soldiers, Kneeling Slaves: Race, War, and Monument in Nineteenth-Century
America. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997.
the meaning of race, the experience of war, and the function of the
public monument, Savage probes the landscape of collective memory
on which the art forms of commemoration in the public sphere depicted
the shift from slavery to freedom in post-Civil War America, the greatest
era of U.S. monument building.
Smith, Mark M. Debating
Slavery: Economy and Society in the Antebellum American South. New
York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Makes clear that
even while slavery existed, Americans debated slavery. Asks pointed
questions: Was it a profitable and healthy institution? If so, for
who? Asserts that the abolition of slavery in 1865 did not end this
debate, and it still remains among the most hotly disputed topics
in American history.
M. Perfectionist Politics: Abolitionism and the Religious Tensions
of American Democracy. New York: Syracuse University Press, 1998.
The struggle among
the most radical religions to purge their churches and society of
sin, especially slavery, and their uncompromising efforts to force
morality into political discourse are nowhere better told than in
historian Strong's informed exegesis of perfectionist ideas and personalities
and his careful mapping of the schisms and political awakenings across
western New York, from which so much antebellum reform and evangelism
Deborah Bingham. The Devotion of These Women: Rhode Island in the
Antislavery Network. University of Massachusetts Press, 2002.
During the 1830s
the small state of Rhode Island flourished as a center of radical
abolitionism. By 1842 the antislavery movement in Rhode Island was
nearly moribund. This detailed study explores how and why women emerged
from the background to resuscitate and lead the antislavery cause
in Rhode Island. It suggests that women more than men were accustomed
to working behind the scenes, informally and without much public recognition.
Von Frank, Albert
J. The Trials of Anthony Burns: Freedom and Slavery in Emerson's
Boston. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1998.
This is the story
of Burns's trial and of how, arising in abolitionist Boston just as
the incendiary Kansas-Nebraska Act took effect, it revolutionized
the moral and political climate in Massachusetts and sent shock waves
through the nation.
White, Deborah Gray.
Let My People Go: African Americans 1804-1860 (The Young Oxford
History of African Americans, v. 4). Oxford University Press, 1996.
Grade 6 Up.
the active roles of both slaves and free blacks in abolishing slavery.
She details what life was like for free blacks in the South. Black-and-white
drawings, documents, and photos all help to convey the harsh realities
of the time. The antebellum period in American history receives a
compelling examination in this handsome, scholarly book." School
Yee, Shirley J.
Black Women Abolitionists: A Study in Activism, 1828-1860. University
of Tennessee Press, 1992.
Argues that racism
among reformers propelled black women reformers toward separate action
Sources/Primary Sources Included: Print
Allen, ed. Journal of Charlotte Forten: A Free Negro in the Slave
Era. The Dryden Press/Collier Books, 1953.
Cain, William E.,
ed. William Lloyd Garrison and the Fight against Slavery: Selections
From The Liberator. Boston: Bedford Books of St. Martin's Press,
ed. His Soul Goes Marching On: Responses to John Brown and the Harpers
Ferry Raid. University of Virginia Press, 1995.
Fitch, Suzanne Pullon.
Sojourner Truth as Orator: Wit, Story, and Song. (Great American
Orators, no. 25). Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1997.
This book provides
a comprehensive survey of the life of Sojourner Truth, and includes
a unique and authoritative compilation of primary rhetorical documents,
such as speeches, songs, and public letters.
L. The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimké / edited by
Brenda Stevenson. New York : Oxford University Press, 1989.
Phillips, and Francis Jackson Garrison. William Lloyd Garrison: The
Story of His Life Told by His Children. New York: Century, 1885-89.
Slavery and Anti-slavery: A History of the Great Struggle in Both
Hemispheres. New York: William Goodell, 1853.
ed. Against Slavery: An Abolitionist Reader. New York: Penguin
has assembled more than forty speeches, lectures, and essays to trace
the evolution of the abolitionist crusade.
ed. The Letters of William Lloyd Garrison. Cambridge: The Belknap
Press of Harvard University Press, 1971.
ed. Crossing the Danger Water: Three Hundred Years of African-American
Writing. New York: Doubleday (Anchor Books), 1993.
Olaudah Equiano's 1789 slave narrative and ending with Congresswoman
Maxine Waters's testimony before the Senate Banking Committee in 1992
on the Los Angeles riots, this anthology brings together a diversity
of voices. It includes fiction, autobiography, poetry, songs, and
letters. Many topics are covered, from slavery, education, the Civil
War, Reconstruction, and political issues to spirituals, songs of
the Civil Rights movement, and rap music.
Allies for Freedom and Blacks on John Brown. DaCapo Press, 2001.
This volume presents
two classic works by Benjamin Quarles about the place of John Brown
in African-American history. Allies for Freedom traces John Brown's
life as an abolitionist, working to guide slaves peacefully to freedom
via the Underground Railroad and culminating in the famous raid he
led on the federal arsenal and armory at Harper's Ferry. Blacks on
John Brown brings together reflections on John Brown that were written
by blacks from several generations.
ed. Turning the World Upside Down: The Anti-Slavery Convention of
American Women, Held in New York City, May 9-12, 1837. New York:
the Feminist Press at the City University of New York, 1987.
We are Your Sisters: Black Women in the Nineteenth Century. New
York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1984 [reissued 1997].
We Are Your
Sisters, a collection of letters, oral histories, and excerpts
from diaries and autobiographies, is "a documentary portrayal
of black women who lived between 1800 and the 1880s." There are
letters from women such as Rosetta Douglass Sprague, the daughter
of Frederick Douglass; accounts of the doings of upper-class blacks
in the years following the Civil War; and excerpts from the diary
of Frances Rollin, author of a biography of black activist and Civil
War soldier Martin Delany.
Emery. Anthony Burns: A History. Williamstown, Mass.: Corner
House, 1973. Reprint of an 1856 publication.
Tragle, Henry Irving.
The Southampton Slave Revolt of 1831: A Compilation of Source Material.
Amherst, MA: The University of Massachusetts Press, 1971.
Wilson, Henry Wilson.
History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America. Boston:
James R. Osgood and Company, 1872.