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“New” Immigrants and the Polish Community in Salem

Theme: Social Change and Social Reform
Topic: “New” Immigrants and the Polish Community in Salem
Date: 13 July 2006

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2003 Massachusetts History and Social Science Framework Connections (Learning Standards):

1.8 After reading or listening to stories about famous Americans of different ethnic groups, faiths, and historical periods (e.g., Neil Armstrong, Cesar Chavez, Roberto Clemente, Thomas Edison, Bill Gates, Daniel Inouye, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Colin Powell, Sacagawea, Jonas Salk, Harriett Beecher Stowe, Clarence Thomas, Booker T. Washington, and the Wright Brothers) describe their qualities or distinctive traits.

1.9 Explain that Americans have a variety of different religious, community, and family celebrations and customs, and describe celebrations or customs held by members of the class and their families.

2.7 On a map of the world, locate the continent, regions, or countries from which students, their parents, guardians, grandparents, or other relatives or ancestors came. With the help of family members and the school librarian, describe traditional food, customs, sports and games, and music of the place they came from.

2.8 With the help of the school librarian, give examples of traditions or customs from other countries that can be found in America today.

2.9 With the help of the school librarian, identify and describe well-known sites, events, or landmarks in at least three different countries from which students’ families come and explain why they are important.

3.11 Identify when the students’ own town or city was founded, and describe the different groups of people who have settled in the community since its founding. 

3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people  lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.

4.15 Describe the diverse nature of the American people by identifying the distinctive contributions to American culture of:

  • several  indigenous peoples in different areas of the country (e.g., Navajo, Seminoles, Sioux, Hawaiians, and Inuits).
  • African Americans, including an explanation of their early concentration in the South because of slavery and the Great Migration to northern cities in the 20th century, and recent African immigrant groups (e.g., Ethiopian) and where they tended to settle in large numbers.
  • major European immigrant groups who have come to America, locating their countries of origin and where they tended to settle in large numbers (e.g., English, Germans, Italians, Scots, Irish, Jews, Poles, and Scandinavians).
  • major Spanish-speaking (e.g., Cubans, Mexicans) and Asian (e.g., Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese) immigrant groups who have come to America in the 19th and 20th centuries, locating their countries of origin and where they tended to settle in large numbers.

4.16 Identify major immigrant groups that live in Massachusetts and where they now live in large numbers (e.g., English, Irish, Italians, French Canadians, Armenians, Greeks, Portuguese, Haitians, and Vietnamese).

USII.3 Describe the causes of the immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans, Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese to America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and describe the major roles of these immigrants in the industrialization of America.

USII.30 Describe some of the major economic and social trends of the late 20th century.

  • the computer and technological revolution of the 1980s and 1990s
  • scientific and medical discoveries
  • major immigration and demographic changes such as the rise in Asian and Hispanic immigration (both legal and illegal)
  • the weakening of the nuclear family and the rise in divorce rates