2003 Massachusetts History and Social Studies Curriculum Framework Connections (Learning Standards):
PreK-K.1: Identify and describe the events or people celebrated during United States national holidays and why we celebrate them
a. Columbus Day
b. Independence Day
c. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day
d. Presidents’ Day
1.5: Give reasons for celebrating the events or people commemorated in national and Massachusetts holidays. On a calendar for the current year, identify the months for Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans’ Day, Thanksgiving, Martin Luther King, Jr. Day, Presidents’ Day, Patriots’ Day, Memorial Day, Flag Day, and Independence Day.
3.2: Identify the Wampanoags and their leaders at the time the Pilgrims arrived, and describe their way of life.
3.3: Identify who the Pilgrims were and explain why they left Europe to seek religious freedom; describe their journey and their early years in the Plymouth Colony.
A. the purpose of the Mayflower Compact and its principles of self-government
B. challenges in settling in America
C. events leading to the first Thanksgiving
3.4: Explain how the Puritans and Pilgrims differed and identify early leaders in Massachusetts, such as John Winthrop; describe the daily life, education and work of the Puritans in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
3.12: Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.
5.6: Explain the early relationship of the English settlers to the indigenous peoples, or Indians, in North America, including the differing views on ownership or use of land and the conflicts between them (e.g., the Pequot and King Phillip’s Wars in New England).