Allen, David Grayson.
In English Ways: The Movement of Societies and the Transferal of
English Local Law and Custom to Massachusetts Bay in the Seventeenth
Century. Published for the Institute of Early American History and
Culture. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 1981.
in which Allen focuses closely on five Massachusetts towns and argues
that in the seventeenth century colonists did not transform English
ways of life as much as they transplanted them intact. The diversity
of experiences in each of his study-towns reflects the diversity of
the regions in England that each group of colonists had called home.
Agricultural practices receive a great deal of attention in this book.
Fissures in the Rock: New England in the Seventeenth Century. Hanover:
University Press of New England, 2001.
a recent overview of early New England that recognizes the diversity
of the region.
et al, eds., American Beginnings: Exploration, Culture and Cartography
in the Land of Norumbega. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press,
The essays in
this book looks at the non-Puritan frontier of northern New England.
"Salem as Frontier Outpost" in Morrison, Dane Morrison and
Nancy Schultz, eds. Salem: Place, Myth and Memory. Boston: Northeastern
University Press, 2004.
Salem in its early years as an Anglo settlement when it was an outpost
in the Anglo world as well as a homeland to Native Americans. The
contested nature of this place as a "frontier" is highlighted,
as is the ultimate exclusion of Native Americans from both the place
they called Naumkeag and the new society that grew up there in the
wake of 17th century settlement. As a whole, the essays in this book
look at Salem as a unique place over four centuries.
and Reid, John. The New England Knight: Enrichment, Advancement,
and the Life of Sir William Phips, 1651-1695. University of Toronto
This book looks
at the imperial world of early New England from the view of an adventurer
turned royal governor.
The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge:
Harvard University Press, 1955.
Written by one
of the foremost colonial historians, this remains the classic account
of Puritan business and economics.
Boyer, Paul, and
Nissenbaum, Stephen. Salem Possessed: The Social Origins of Witchcraft.
Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1974.
community study in the tradition of Lockridge, is also one of the
finest books written on witchcraft in Salem.
Breen, Louise. Transgressing
the Bounds: Subversive Enterprises among the Puritan Elite in Massachusetts,
1630-1692. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
This book is
fresh look at the Antinomian controversy, and other Puritans who pushed
for increasing individualism and toleration in early Massachusetts.
J. John Winthrop: America's Forgotten Founding Father. New York:
Oxford University Press, 2003.
This is the definitive
biography of Winthrop, perhaps the leading influence in the creation
of a Puritan "City upon a Hill."
Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England.
New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.
a brilliant ecological history of early New England.
Lowell. The Framed Houses of Massachusetts Bay, 1625-1725. Cambridge:
Belknap Press, 1979.
This is the definitive
book on early New England architecture.
Demos, John P. A
Little Commonwealth: Family Life in Plymouth Colony. New York: Oxford
University Press, 1970.
This is a wonderful
discussion of Puritan families.
The Long Argument: English Puritanism and the Shaping of New England
Culture, 1570-1700. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina
This is an excellent
overview of New England Puritanism.
P. Salem, Massachusetts, 1626-1683: A Covenanted Community. Charlottesville:
University Press of Virginia, 1975.
A good scholarly
overview of Salem in the seventeenth century.
Konig, David Thomas.
Law and Society in Puritan Massachusetts: Essex County, 1629-1692.
Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
A detailed examination
of the legal system the Puritans created in Massachusetts.
Norton, Mary Beth.
Founding Mothers and Fathers: Gendered Power and the Forming of American
Society. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1996.
A great overview
of women in the English colonies in the seventeenth century and the
ideas about gender that permeated social and political, private and
The History of Salem, Massachusetts. Salem, 1924-28.
This three volume
set has very detailed information on early Salem and its residents.
Manitou and Providence: Indians, Europeans, and the Making of New
England, 1500-1643. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982.
probably the best treatment of the troubled relationship between Puritans
and Indians during the founding of New England.
Divided We Stand: Watertown, Massachusetts, 1630-1680. Amherst:
University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
This is the most
recent of the township studies.
Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher.
Good Wives: Images and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New
England, 1650-1750. New York: Knopf, 1982.
considerable information about women in Essex County as well as general
information about the daily lives of women in Puritan society.
Wood, Joseph S.
The New England Village. Creating the North American Landscape Series.
Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997.
a cultural geographer's skill at linking space, place and history,
skillfully debunks the all-too-common view of the 17th century New
England village spatially and socially organized around a green common,
white-steepled church in a village center. Wood's argument is that
this view and experience of New England town life was the product
of romantic 19th century ideas and ideals.