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Workers in a Global City: Work, Workers, and Imigrants in 20th Century Salem

 

Theme: Salem as Place
Topic:
Workers in a Global City: Work, Workers, and Imigrants in 20th Century Salem
Scholar:
(This scholar declined to post topic material)
Date:
July 2004

2003 Massachusetts History and Social Studies Curriculum Framework Connections:

3.8 On a map of Massachusetts, locate the class’s home town or city and its local geographic features and landmarks. (G)

3.9 Identify historic buildings, monuments, or sites in the area and explain their purpose and significance. (H, C)

3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed. (H, G, E)

3.13 Give examples of goods and services provided by their local businesses and industries. (E)

5.27 Explain how American citizens were expected to participate in, monitor, and bring about changes in their government over time, and give examples of how they continue to do so today. (H, C)

USI.15 Explain the varying roles and responsibilities of federal, state, and local governments in the United States. (H, C)

USI.21 Describe how decisions are made in a democracy, including the role of legislatures, courts, executives, and the public. (H, C)

USII.1 Explain the various causes of the Industrial Revolution. (H, E)
A. the economic impetus provided by the Civil War
B. important technological and scientific advances
C. the role of business leaders, entrepreneurs, and inventors such as Alexander Graham Bell, Andrew Carnegie, Thomas Edison, J.P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, and Cornelius Vanderbilt

USII.2 Explain the important consequences of the Industrial Revolution. (H, E)
A. the growth of big business
B. environmental impact
C. the expansion of cities

USII.3 Describe the causes of the immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans, Chinese, Koreans, and Japanese to America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and describe the major roles of these immigrants in the industrialization of America. (H)

USII.5 Explain the formation and goals of unions as well as the rise of radical political parties during the Industrial era. (H, E)
A. the Knights of Labor
B. the American Federation of Labor headed by Samuel Gompers
C. the Populist Party
D. the Socialist Party headed by Eugene Debs

USII.6 Analyze the causes and course of America’s growing role in world affairs from the Civil War to World War I. (H, E)
A. the influence of the ideas associated with Social Darwinism
B. the purchase of Alaska from Russia
C. America’s growing influence in Hawaii leading to annexation
D. the Spanish-American War
E. U.S. expansion into Asia under the Open Door policy
F. President Roosevelt’s Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
G. America’s role in the building of the Panama Canal
H. President Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy
I. President Wilson’s intervention in Mexico
J. American entry into World War I

USII.8 Analyze the origins of Progressivism and important Progressive leaders, and summarize the major accomplishments of Progressivism. (H, E)

People
A. Jane Addams
B. William Jennings Bryan
C. John Dewey
D. Robert La Follette
E. President Theodore Roosevelt
F. Upton Sinclair
G. President William H. Taft
H. Ida Tarbell
I. President Woodrow Wilson

Policies
A. bans against child labor
B. the initiative referendum and its recall
C. the Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890)
D. the Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
E. the Meat Packing Act (1906)
F. the Federal Reserve Act (1913)
G. the Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914)
H. the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920
Seminal Primary Documents to Read: President Theodore Roosevelt, “The New Nationalism,” speech (1910).

USII.11 Describe the various causes and consequences of the global depression of the 1930s, and analyze how Americans responded to the Great Depression. (H, E)
A. restrictive monetary policies
B. unemployment
C. support for political and economic reform
D. the influence of the ideas of John Maynard Keynes, and the critique of centralized economic planning and management by Ludwig von Mises, Friedrich von Hayek, and Milton Friedman

USII.30 Describe some of the major economic and social trends of the late 20th century. (H, E)
A. the computer and technological revolution of the 1980s and 1990s
B. scientific and medical discoveries
C. major immigration and demographic changes such as the rise in Asian and Hispanic immigration (both legal and illegal)
D. the weakening of the nuclear family and the rise in divorce rates

USII.31 Analyze the important domestic policies and events of the Clinton presidency. (H, E)
A. the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1993
B. President Clinton’s welfare reform legislation and expansion of the earned income tax credit
C. the first balanced budget in more than 25 years
D. the election in 1994 of the first Republican majority in both the House and Senate in 40 years
E. tax credits for higher education
F. the causes and consequences of the impeachment of President Clinton in 1998

USII.33 Analyze the course and consequences of America’s recent diplomatic initiatives.(H, C)
A. the invasion of Panama and the Persian Gulf War
B. American intervention in Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Kosovo
C. the attempts to negotiate a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
D. America’s response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the World Trade Center in New York City and on the Pentagon in Washington, D.C.