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Salem in the World, the World in Salem: Salem in the Early Republic and the East Indies

 

Theme: Salem as Place: Local History in a National Context
Topic: Salem in the World, The World in Salem: Salem in the Early Republic and the East Indies Trade
Date: July 14, 2004

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2003 Massachusetts History and Social Studies Curriculum Framework Connections (Learning Standards):

3.5 Explain important political, economic, and military developments leading to and during the American Revolution. (H, C)

A. the growth of towns and cities in Massachusetts before the Revolution
B. the Boston Tea Party
C. the beginning of the Revolution at Lexington and Concord
D. the Battle of Bunker Hill
E. Revolutionary leaders such as John Adams, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Paul Revere

3.7 After reading a biography of a person from Massachusetts in one of the following categories, summarize the person’s life and achievements. (H, C)

A. science and technology (e.g., Alexander Graham Bell, Nathaniel Bowditch, Robert Goddard, John Hayes Hammond, Edwin Land, Samuel Morse)
B. the arts (e.g., Henry Adams, Louisa May Alcott, John Singleton Copley, Emily Dickinson, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Theodore Geisel, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Frederick Law Olmsted, Norman Rockwell, Henry David Thoreau, Phyllis Wheatley)
C. business (e.g., William Filene, Amos Lawrence, Francis Cabot Lowell, An Wang);
D. education, journalism, and health (e.g., Clara Barton, Horace Mann, William Monroe Trotter)
E. political leadership (e.g., John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Susan B. Anthony, Edward Brooke, Benjamin Franklin, John F. Kennedy, Paul Revere)

3.8 On a map of Massachusetts, locate the class’s home town or city and its local geographic features and landmarks. (G)

3.9 Identify historic buildings, monuments, or sites in the area and explain their purpose and significance. (H, C)

3.11 Identify when the students’ own town or city was founded, and describe the different groups of people who have settled in the community since its founding. (H, G)

3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed. (H, G, E)

3.13 Give examples of goods and services provided by their local businesses and industries. (E)

5.11 Explain the importance of maritime commerce in the development of the economy of colonial Massachusetts, using the services of historical societies and museums as needed. (H, E)

A. the fishing and shipbuilding industries
B. trans-Atlantic trade
C. the port cities of New Bedford, Newburyport, Gloucester, Salem, and Boston
5.32 Describe the causes of the war of 1812 and how events during the war contributed to a sense of American nationalism. (H)
A. British restrictions on trade and impressment
B. Major battles and events of the war, including the role of the USS Constitution, the burning of the Capitol and the White House, and the Battle of New Orleans

5.33 Explain the importance of the China trade and the whaling industry to 19th century New England, and give examples of imports from China. (H)

USI.6 Explain the reasons for the adoption of the Articles of Confederation in 1781, including why its drafters created a weak central government; analyze the shortcomings of the national government under the Articles; and describe the crucial events (e.g., Shays’s rebellion) leading to the Constitutional Convention. (H, C)

USI.8 Describe the debate over the ratification of the Constitution between Federalists and Anti-Federalists and explain the key ideas contained in the Federalist Papers on federalism, factions, checks and balances, and the importance of an independent judiciary. (H, C)

USI.9 Explain the reasons for the passage of the Bill of Rights. (H, C)

A. the influence of the British concept of limited government
B. the particular ways in which the Bill of Rights protects basic freedoms, restricts government power, and ensures rights to persons accused of crimes

USI.16 Describe the evolution of the role of the federal government, including public services, taxation, economic policy, foreign policy, and common defense. (H, C)

USI.20 Explain the evolution and function of political parties, including their role in federal, state, and local elections. (H, C)

USI.22 Summarize the major policies and political developments that took place during the presidencies of George Washington (1789-1797), John Adams (1797-1801), and Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809). (H, C)

A. the origins of the Federalist and Democratic-Republican parties in the 1790s
B. the conflicting ideas of Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton
C. the Alien and Sedition Acts
D. the Louisiana Purchase

USI.27 Explain the importance of the Transportation Revolution of the 19th century (the building of canals, roads, bridges, turnpikes, steamboats, and railroads), including the stimulus it provided to the growth of a market economy. (H, E)

USI.28 Explain the emergence and impact of the textile industry in New England and industrial growth generally throughout antebellum America. (H, E)

A. the technological improvements and inventions that contributed to industrial growth
B. the causes and impact of the wave of immigration from Northern Europe to America in the 1840s and 1850s
C. the rise of a business class of merchants and manufacturers
D. the roles of women in New England textile factories