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An Industrious People: American Economic History


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Upstairs/Downstairs: Domestic Servants and Mistresses in 19th and 20th Century America

Theme: An Industrious People: American Economic History
Topic: Upstairs/Downstairs: Domestic Servants and Mistresses in 19th and 20th Century America
Date: February 2006

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2003 Massachusetts History and Social Science Framework Connections (Learning Standards):


PreK-K.5: Retell stories that illustrate honesty, courage, friendship, respect, responsibility and the wise or judicious exercise of authority, and explain how the characters in the stories show these qualities.

1.8: After reading or listening to stories about famous Americans of different ethnic groups, faiths and historical periods…describe their qualities or distinctive traits.

3.9: Identify historic buildings, monuments or sites in the area and explain their purpose and significance.

3.12: Explain how objects of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.

USI.28: Explain the emergence and impact of the textile industry in New England and industrial growth generally throughout antebellum America.

A. the technological improvements and inventions that contributed to industrial growth

B. the causes and impact of the wave of immigration from Northern Europe to American in the 1840s and 1850s

C. the rise of a business class of merchants and manufacturers

D. the roles of women in New England textile factories

USI.29: Describe the rapid growth of slavery in the South after 1800 and analyze slave life and resistance on plantations and farms across the South, as well as the impact of the cotton gin on the economics of slavery and Southern agriculture.

USII.9: Analyze the post-Civil War struggles of African Americans and women to gain basic civil rights.

USII.22: Analyze the causes and consequences of important domestic Cold War trends.

A. economic growth and declining poverty

B. the baby boom

C. the growth of suburbs and home ownership

D. the increase in education levels

E. the development of mass media and consumerism

USII.27: Analyze the causes and course of the women’s rights movement in the 1960s and 1970s.

A. Betty Friedan and Gloria Steinem

B. the birth control pill

C. the increasing number of working women

D. the formation of the National Organization of Women in 1967

E. the debate over the Equal Rights Amendment

F. the 1973 Supreme Court case, Roe v. Wade

USII.30: Describe some of the major economic and social trends of the late 20th century.

A. the computer and technological revolution of the 1980s and 1990s

B. scientific and medical discoveries

C. major immigration and demographic changes such as the rise in Asian and Hispanic immigration (both legal and illegal)

D. the weakening of the nuclear family and the rise in divorce rates