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An Industrious People: American Economic History


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Farmers and Fishermen: Work in Essex County, 1650-1850

Theme: An Industrious People: American Economic History
Topic: :  Farmers and Fishermen: Work in Essex County, 1650-1850
Date: March 2006

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2003 Massachusetts History and Social Science Framework Connections (Learning Standards):

PreK-K.8 Give examples of the different kinds of jobs that people do, including the work they do at home.

1.8 After reading or listening to stories about famous Americans of different ethnic groups, faiths and historical periods…, describe the main characters and their qualities.

3.4 Explain how the Puritans and Pilgrims differed and identify early leaders in Massachusetts, such as John Winthrop; describe the daily life, education and work of the Puritans in Massachusetts Bay Colony.

3.9 Identify historic buildings, monuments or sites in the area and explain their purpose and significance.

3.11 Identify when the students’ own town or city was founded, and describe the difference groups of people who have settled in the community since its founding.

3.12 Explain how objects or artifacts of everyday life in the past tell us how ordinary people lived and how everyday life has changed. Draw on the services of the local historical society and local museums as needed.

5.10 On a map of North America, identify the first 13 colonies and describe how regional differences in climate, types of farming, populations and sources of labor shaped their economics and societies through the 18th century.

5.11 Explain the importance of maritime commerce in the development of the economy of colonial Massachusetts, using historical societies and museums as needed.

A. the fishing and shipbuilding industries
B. trans-Atlantic trade
C. the port cities of New Bedford, Newburyport, Gloucester, Salem and Boston

5.33 Explain the importance of the China trade and the whaling industry to 19th century New England, and give examples of imports from China.

USI.28 Explain the emergence and impact of the textile industry in New England and the industrial growth generally throughout antebellum America.

A.  the technological improvements and inventions that contributed to industrial growth
B.  the causes and impact of the wave of immigration from Northern Europe to American in the
1840s and 1850s
C.  the rise of a business class of merchants and manufacturers
D.  the roles of women in New England textile factories