People have lived in southeastern New England for over 12,000
years. The traditional homeland included the area south of Boston,
all along Cape Cod and the islands and southeast to Bristol Rhode
Island. A rich and complex society, the Wampanoag culture met
the needs of its people completely and valued a strong relationship
with the land, animals and resources that supported them. History,
cultural values, and tradition were passed on by spoken word and
continue today. These vastly different viewpoints clashed dramatically
with the English settlers who arrived during the early 1600's.
Armed with religion and a will to settle on what they saw was
'abandoned' land the relationship between the two cultures grew
increasingly tense culminating in a dreadful war in 1675, "King
with a discussion of Wampanoag oral tradition and then focusing
on primary documents regarding the early settlement of Massachusetts,
we will consider cultural assumptions and the misinformation that
embeds this important moment in history. The session will be filled
with learning experiences designed to present a considerable amount
of content while encouraging teachers to share ideas and practices
for classroom use. With this new awareness, teachers will discover
the multiple perspectives in all of our histories and effective
ways to present this vital lesson to their students.
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Diary of King Philip's War, 1675-76. Introduction by Alan and
Mary Simpson. Pequot Press: Chester, CT, 1975. (Chapter Heading
"King Philip's War")
Note: only need to read pp 19-28
B. ed. Mourt's Relation: A Journal of the Pilgrims at Plymouth.
Boston: Applewood Books, 1986. (Note: first published in 1622)
Note: Do not read ahead of Content Session. Will use during Content
Russell, Howard S. Indian New England Before the Mayflower.
Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1980. (Section III:
Simmons, William S. Spirit of the New England Tribes: Indian
History and Folklore 1620-1984. Hanover, NH: University Press
of New England, 1986.
(Chapter 9: "Giants: Maushop and Squant")
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New England Before the Mayflower
the articles, Russell has added the observations by the English
of the Native people's life ways. How do the observances reflect
the settlers' cultural norms?
King Phillip's War 1675-76
History textbooks, Metacom, named King Philip by the English,
has often been portrayed as the rebel who started a war with the
colonists, destroying the peace created by his father Massasoit.
Do you feel this is an accurate portrayal of Metacom? How might
Wampanoag people have described him?
In the hopes
of preventing a war, James Easton, a Quaker, met with Metacom
to find out why he was so frustrated with the English. Based on
Metacom's conversation with Easton, what were some of his grievances?
of the New England Tribes
addresses the most essential human questions-who we are, why we
a re here, and one's role the world. What does this oral history
reveal about Wampanoag beginnings? What does this oral history
reveal about Wampanoag values?
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